The most important nutritional aspect for weight management or weight loss is an even or negative energy balance respectively. To further support weight loss, more protein and dietary fibre should be incorporated in the diet at the expense of fat and carbohydrates. These changes in diet should also be accompanied by more physical exercise. Food supplements also contribute to weight loss, especially thermogenic substances are used as they increase energy expenditure but also zinc and choline which support fat metabolism.
Fat metabolism is often mistaken for body fat reduction. Fat metabolism can be promoted in many ways by substances like L-carnitine, caffeine, green tea. Increased fat metabolism (fatty acid oxidation) in muscle cells is especially important for endurance athletes whereas others want to reduce their fat deposits. Fatty acid oxidation mainly occurs in muscle cells and in metabolically active visceral fat which surrounds many organs. In order to reduce fat deposits, lipolysis (release of fatty acids from adipose cells) has to be boosted by increased physical activity. This ensures that the released fatty acids are metabolised and not stored again.
Protein and dietary fibre are considered more filling than fat and carbohydrates. An increased intake of these foods together with a healthy diet and appropriate food supplements can facilitate weight management.
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